In the central and south parts of Somalia, extreme drought is causing famine and making people vulnerable to diseases such as cholera and diarrhea. Cholera, which is endemic in Somalia, is an acute diarrheal disease that can kill within hours if left untreated. Malnourished children under five years of age are especially vulnerable, and UNICEF predicts that 1.4 million Somali children will suffer from acute malnutrition during the course of 2017. Already, 25,424 infected people have been identified since the start of the year according to the World Health Organization (WHO), and the deadly epidemic is expected to double by this summer. There are very limited water and food sources in the region, and the disease is spread by contaminated food and water. The cholera case fatality rate is already 1.9 percent in Somalia. More than 600 deaths have been reported. In order to prevent malnutrition, along with the severe illness and death that often result from it, RMF is building a famine relief program, providing food and safe drinking water to children and families.